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1. Introduction

It is likely that anyone might become consequence of
domestic violence. In Vietnam, it has been one of the biggest problem that 58%
of women possibly deal with recently (Thanh Nien News, 2015, cited in “Domestic
violence in Vietnam”, 2016). “Domestic violence can impact anyone regardless of
their gender, race, age, culture or religion” (Kanchiputu & Mwale, 2006 ). It has a variety of forms, namely
emotional abuse, physical attack and sexual violence.
There are factors which make up internal aggression, but the root cause is lack
of background knowledge about it. The problem is worse due to outdated views which mean in order to maintain happiness in family, women are tolerant and they still
continue to suffer from their husband. Meanwhile, being a bread-maker even, men
seem to treat their partner unfair anytime for unreasonable causes. Moreover,
kids who have forgettable childhood aimlessly become victims of domestic
violence in their family. According to Beth  & Brett  (2013) ,” Keeping
silent is dying”, however, it
is likely that fighting against internal abuse is a long-term strategy. It is high time for victims to have more chances to
raise their voice and be paid more attention from different groups, both
neighborhood and local community. Thus, this research will provide updated
facts, discuss the effects of domestic aggression and suggest efficient techniques
to protect victims from this issue.

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2.
Discussion of findings

2.1.
Shocking evidences of domestic violence in Vietnam

“For many years almost every Vietnamese woman took
it for granted that unconditional service to men is the natural function, a
required sacrifice, and an expression of self-denial, necessary in the role of
women in the family” (Le, n.d.). Representing womanhood in different discussion
forums, a numerous women admit that they are suffering at the hands of their
husbands due to unreasonable understanding of partners in their daily lives.
“Domestic violence is a problem but it is basically a silent problem” (Beth  & Brett, 2013). In lieu of raising their voice for assistance, victims silently stand
during a long period. According to Dr Nguyen (2016), “some women think that it
is karma and they are suffering for something they did in their past life”.
Traditionally, women have poor background and they are likely accepted that it
is their destiny whether they are beaten by their spouses. Another bigger issue
in Vietnam society seems to be the fear of losing dignity. Many women feeling
ashamed about what had happen to them intend to hide it from anyone. After
marriage, the happy times end quickly because they might give their life to the
service of their family, including their husband and children in any
circumstances. It seems that women beaten up daily for many intolerable years
make every effort to endure life as a human punch-bag. To protect victims from fierce
actions, the law which is called “the Law on Gender Equality and the Law on
Domestic Violence Prevention” is enacted by the government (Asialife,
2016). However, this problem may be difficult to address, for most women
do not know their rights. In addition, stereo type of Vietnamese women is to
stand sacrifices and hardships. They suffer both physical and psychological
pain in lieu of accusing their husbands of their violent behaviors in order to
avoid family separation and their children.

2.2.
Effects of domestic violence

2.2.1.
Women face to domestic abuse

Women who are most at risk for domestic violence have
coped with physical abuse caused by their husbands. It is clearly seen that the
common feature of any situations between two genders is an imbalance of control
and power. Male representing bread-maker in their families still do not remove
thinking that their wives do not complete responsibilities with their families
and often talk back to them in neighborhood. They constantly use physical
actions which bring about injuries to victims if they tend to run into stiff
resistance. Besides, behavior denying essential needs of victims is physical
violence. Men have a tendency to beat their wives and ignore them when they
desire to be helped. In several cases, women also suffer from sexual abuse.
Women accidently become winebibbers or drug addicts as drugs seem to help them
to forget their painful bodies. Besides, emotional abuse is likely behavior
that threat, intimidation, or the victim’s freedom limitation. Psychological violence
is impolite statement or conflict action that might affect to human dignity. Abusers
have a tendency to make efforts to keep victims from contacting with their
friends and family. They deem that the victim could not leave the relationship
with them because victims impossibly rely on anyone except for them. Isolation
contributes the victim’s internal strength damaging and self-defense ability
loosing. In many cases, those women often get several troubles which relates to
their emotion in lives. They tend to have negative thinking and tackle with problem
by suicide. Unexpectedly, results of various studies illustrate that “victims
of domestic violence are more likely to maltreat their children than those who
are not abused by their partners” (UN 2010). It is worth that they should be
received condemnation even though they unintentionally make wounds of their
children.

2.2.2.
Children are influenced by domestic violence

Different from Vietnamese women, children are
accidently become consequences of domestic abuse in their families. “41.2%
respondents said that domestic violence affects to the abused child to lose
interest in education” (Kanchiputu
& Mwale, 2016). Sometimes, victimized children arrive at school late
because they have to do pieces of household work, even they absent from school
due to verbal aggression and
physical injury. Those youngsters could not concentrate on their studies and
often have flashbacks about the abuse (Jaclyn,
n.d.) which resulted from different misunderstanding of their parents. Children’s
behaviors are also influenced negatively by internal violence at school. It is
certain that they use aggression as a way which they could get what they want.
The reason why boys tend to become more aggressive is that girl students
consider it is normality at school. In the majority of cases, children
witnessing domestic abuse seem to have less chance to enjoy their wonderful
childhood than others. They often grow up independently instead of being taken
care by their parents. It is probable that parents should make good example to
their children who might follow, but victimized kids apparently hide their
feeling at home and behave as uneducated people in society. Children are like
“a pressure cooker waiting to let out the stream” (Rebecca, 2011). Certainly,
domestic violence results in negative adjustment of the victim who may find it
difficult to trust their partners of their marriage in the future. They are
often more aggressive in any circumstances and they treat unfairly to their
members of family such as verbal abuse and non-verbal abuse. In many cases, the
children grow up being affected by the violence, and sometimes these scars
might have a long-term impact on their lives (Jaclyn, n.d.).

2.3. Domestic
violence might to be tackled efficiently

According to Gender and
Development Research Institute, 49.7% of families are broken up because of
family violence (Binh, 2011). It is clearly seen that this problem be should to
be solved as soon as possible by both individuals and the Vietnamese
government. Regarding women, they have a duty to make enquiries carefully about their partners before
their marriage and they also should understand more about domestic aggression
to protect themselves whether it happens. Therefore, women ought not to keep
silence if they realize that they are victims of mistreat in their home.
Nevertheless, it is high time for the women to maintain good relationship with
their spouses by listening to them, sharing with them and taking care of their
families. In term of children, they had better give several good advices to
their maternities to limit unexpected harms for the victim of violence.
Furthermore, being witnesses of domestic abuse, children should not behave as
way which they might to deal with this problem early. With regard to the
Vietnamese government, they are duty-bound to illustrate that what a
serious violence issue! Besides, the authority should expand financial-support
organizations and provide safe accommodations for the victim (Legal Guide,
2017).  As stated by the FindLaw (n.d.),
there are many non-profit groups dedicated to helping people cope with domestic
abuse. However, those groups might help women to be economically independent in
their daily life (Cohn, 2014). It is necessary that the Vietnamese government
make penalties for internal violence. These days, people who have violent
motion have likely taken full responsibility for their act before law of
avoiding domestic violence in Vietnam.

 

 

3. Conclusion

Currently,
updated facts have pointed out that domestic violence seems to develop more and
more seriously in Vietnam. As stated by National Study on Domestic Violence
Against Women in Vietnam (2016), one third of 5,000 women aged from 18 to 60
year-olds accept that they have suffered physical and sexual violence at the
hands of their husband. This epidemic is apparently popular problem in most families
due to misunderstanding of several aspects between couples in their lives.
Women who suffer both physical and psychological injuries likely become major
victims of this matter. Although children only witness violence from their
homes and their neighbors, their studies also are badly influenced.
Furthermore, creating personality of children tends to change negatively
because their parents generate imagines of broken family in their awareness and
the fathers accidently teach them who are kids that using violence is the best
way to tackle with problems. The Vietnamese government has enacted
law relating to women in order to protect the victim from internal abuse.
Moreover, the inhabitant should join hands to get rid of domestic violence in
the near future. 

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