B.1.1: If you were asked to
suggest which words women tend to use more than men,and vice versa, could you
do this? If so, note these down. Are you thinking of certain groups of
In BNC ( British National Corpus) 10-million-word subcorpus was
recorded in 1991-1993. The spoken subcorpus, in its turn, is subdivided into a part sampled by demographic methods (the “Conversational
Corpus”) and a part sampled by
context-governed methods. The Conversational Corpus, consisting of 4,552,555
words, was collected by the
A market-research firm, the British Market Research Bureau,
sampled the population
of the UK (over the age of 15) using well-tried methods of
social survey research.
Ø Individuals taking part
in the project were equipped with a high quality Walkman sound recorder, and
recorded any linguistic transactions in which
they engaged during a period of two days.
After analyzing the complete data following
points come out.
The female speakers have a larger share of the corpus than male
speakers according to number of different measures. Firstly, 75 female
respondents but only 73 male respondents were enlisted as volunteers to
participate in the collection of data. In addition, female speakers overall
took a larger share of the language collected.
Females use more words and long turn takings for collecting the
data. If men speak 100 words the females participants on the other hand speak
150 words in their conversation.
to P.Paryson at el. Females speak different type of word in compare with males.
The words which are the more characteristics of men and women are as follows.
Words more characteristics of male speech.
characteristics of female speech:
1.2: What overall ‘profile’ of masculine and feminine speech do Tables B8.1.2
and B8.1.3 suggest? What do you think about the fact that pronouns tended to be
used more by female speakers?
Do the (quite striking) gender tendencies in use of ‘taboo’ words correspond to
your own experience?
Men are in the habit of using number words in
contrast to women. Men use intensively the number words as hundred, one,
two,three,four etc. As shown in table.
Women use more pronouns in their
conversation. They use first person pronouns as I/my/mine/me as well as greater
use of feminine pronouns as she/her/hers.
Men more likely use the
filled-pause markers as er and certain informal interjections or word-isolates
such as yeah/ ay/ okay/ ah and hmm. On the other hand females make more use of
yes, mm and really.
Use of taboo
words is the most characteristic of men. Taboo word are restricted word in a
culture or society. Men are in the habit of using taboo words in their
conversation such as fucking, shit ,hell, crap etc. Women on the other hand use
less taboo words.
In Language and Women place, Robin Lakoff depicted a typical
female speech style. In her book she describe that women make more use of tag
questions rather than men. The tag questions are grammatical structures in
which a declarative is followed by an attached interrogative clause or’TAG’,
You were missing last
week ,weren’t you?
She is beautiful, isn’t
Female and male language have some
differences which are based on their social differences. As females are
considered more tender and delicate so they use standard and soft words. Female
mostly use pronouns, adjectives ,tag question, and pause markers. While men
mostly use noun words, less pause markers,
taboo words and use less turn takings
Sunderlan:Language and Gender,an advance resource book,
Robin Lakoff, In Language
and Women place