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is just change resource but all writing for old recourse(mith,2015)

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According to Walter 2010, the community portrays
various perceptions regarding the use of industrial treated water depending on
the purposes to which the treated water was reused. Because of this, a research
conducted in San Francisco revealed that the public had different opinions
regarding the purposes of industrial treated water. For example, it was
determined that 30% of the respondents approved the water to be used in
agricultural irrigation, 90% of the respondents agreed that the water be used
in concrete production and 18 % we in agreement of the portable uses of the
treated water. From the same research also, it was established a number of
respondents were not sure on how treated wastewater from industries should be
put into use. The table below shows the reaction on the level of acceptance on
various uses of treated industrial water by various respondents:

The
goal of industrial water treatment is to remove the solid wastes in it, the
pathogenic microbes and chemical contaminators that are found in untreated water. In this case, the sludge is the solid
by-product obtained from the treatment of
waste water from the oil and gas companies. As a result, of the bans of dumping
sludge in oceans, offered in the United States and the United Kingdom, sludge
is typically landfilled, incinerated or
applied to land to act as a fertilizer (Walters, 2010). The above is because sewage waste from industries contains
nutrients from the human wastes which can make the soil rich in nutrients since
an additional treatment will reduce the bad odor, heavy metals and other
harmful bacteria which will make the latter used
to the soil (Smith, 2015).
Despite its benefits, however, the use of
sludge from industrial treated water on land has faced a lot of opposition from
the public. In this regard, therefore,
the engineers and the management of the industries that treat their wastewater
have become the center of attraction to
the public and most scholars. According to research conducted in the fields of
Environmental studies, Soil Engineering, Agriculture and biology have proven
the implication of the using manufactured industrial products such as
fertilizer and treated industrial water not only in Agriculture and the
environment but also if consumed or used by the public. This is because a continued application of sludge from treated
industrial water into the soil will result in
a pile-up heavy metal, harmful organisms
and eventually will lead to the depreciation of the value of the soil (Walters, 2010).

Industrial wastewater treatment is
designed to preserve and maintain a healthy state of the human life and the healthiness
of the environment in general. Together, all of these have contributed to the
mushrooming of water treatment plants and companies initiated by the
governments, municipal council and private companies. Currently, water
engineers and other water experts recognize the treatment of water to be the cheapest
and the easiest way of providing water to the public (GE Power and Water, 2012). bs1 On the same note, according to the
National Research Council’s assessment on the reuse of water states that the
use of reclaimed industrial water is to supplement portable water to possess great potentials of meeting the futures
increasing demand for water (GE Power and Water, 2012). Therefore, for long-term
water planners, investing in water
treatment plants is one of the most lucrative projects they will engage in. However, the confidence shared by the
experts who deal with the treatment of water more so in industries is not the
same confidence shared by the public on the usage of treated water or sludge (GE Power and Water, 2012).bs2 

 

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