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Good Morning, my name is Himanshi Aggarwal and today I will talk about Water Shortages in the world. Water Shortages is a very serious problem in the world, it could lead to tragedy or even the end of the human population. Millions of children are sitting on the streets and begging to drink water, this should not be an issue around the world currently and I think we should stop this once and for all.

780 million people in the world live without access to clean drinking water, and yet 70% of the earth’s surface is covered with water. Water is a necessity of life, and we demand water every single day in our lives. Life exists on earth and no other planets in our universe due to the fact of the availability of water on earth. The amount of water in the world today has remained fairly constant over the years, from the time we lived in ancient civilizations to now. Yet, people still die due to the scarcity of water. This is because the human population is expanding, and we only have a limited amount of water for everyone. Only 0.007% of the planet’s water is available to fuel and feed its 7.1 billion people.

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Yet, we take water for granted, remember the hamburger you ate at McDonald’s? It took about 2,400 litres of water to produce.

It takes 1,300 litres to make 1kg of wheat, 3,400 litres of water to produce 1kg of rice. But 15,500 litres of water to produce 1kg of beef. So, beef or any other meat takes much more water to make than other vegetarian food product, therefore, you would save an unimaginable amount of water being vegetarian.

How about your smartphone? That took 14,000 litres of water to make.

The car you bought? An estimated 148, 000 litres of water to make a car, not including the estimated 520 gallons each tyre takes to produce.

What about the steel magnet you were playing with? That took about 235,000 litres of water to make.

The fact that humans still continue to waste water outrages me. Since we were young, we have always been told that we should save water not waste it. However, humans turn a blind eye to this rule and just continue with their simple lives. We would usually blame the lower class for having no access to water, but actually the rich are to blame, as we are the careless water users. Humans don’t care much about a problem until it actually strikes, and you do not want to grow up and die of thirst. Knowing that you could have saved yourself when you were younger.

By 2025, it is estimated that 1.8 billion people will live in areas with absolute water scarcity, and with two-thirds of the world’s population living in water-stressed regions. One of these people could be you. People are so desperate for water, that they are ready to drink dirty water to survive, but this causes water-related diseases. Every 90 seconds, a child dies due to a water-related disease. More than 22,000 cases of Legionella- which is an example of a water related disease have been recorded from 2000 to 2009 in the UK alone. Can you imagine the number of people that have already died?

In addition, with an insufficient amount of water, do you think there is a possibility of war over water? Some people have already started to discuss this topic. Gunshots are all you can hear and bloodshed is all you see. People will die. This might lead to the human race to go extinct once and for all. Nobody wants that to happen. The chance that there might be war is not very low. I’m furious that we humans have let the water problem, that we could have solved years ago reach such an extent.

Moreover, due to the fact that there is a short supply of water in many places more than 20% of freshwater animals are now extinct or endangered. Water shortages are one big problem and the cause of many other problems.

The main countries with the most problems include Africa, India, The United Arab Emirates and Singapore, and there are more to come.

My aim is to remind you that people are savaging for water right now. In a few years, you might be willing to trade everything you own just for a little bottle of water. Water is so important that we cannot survive without water. It’s now or never. The water crisis is still solvable, we can still make a difference.

The reason I chose to write about this topic is that I want to speak for those people living on the streets and begging for water right this second. People are dying, and the next person might be you. This is why we need to care and take action now. So here are some solutions:

80% of all wastewater is not used again, TIME magazine states. Recycling water says the UN could partly help with water shortages. With the correct type of technology, wastewater could be cleaned.

Making water might also help with water shortages, this would increase the amount of water we have and therefore, make it easier to distribute water in the future. Scientists have discovered a way to make water from unlikely starting materials.

The world has a vast amount of water but most of it is salty, thus, not suitable for human use. However, there is a way to clean water. Desalination. Scientists have learnt from the water cycle if the water cycle can purify water, why can’t we? When water evaporates, it does not take the dirt with it, therefore purifying the water. So, if we put some dirty water in a beaker and it evaporates, it will eventually condense back to water droplets and be cleaned. If there were factories which did this, it could save an enormous amount of lives. Some countries like Singapore and Spain are starting to use this idea.

These are some things that our government officials can do but there are still a few ways you can help:

Take a shower instead of a bath, studies show that this saves an enormous amount of water.

When washing a car use a sponge instead of a hose, this also saves an immense amount of water.

Fix leaking taps. Leaking taps waste around 15 gallons per day. Just fixing one leak can save a large amount of water.

Be aware of the amount of water you use. This will help you get organized and be cautious about the amount of water you are using.

All in all, water is essential to life and is very precious. We need to conserve water and treasure it instead of wasting it. We are short of water, and we have to start caring about the scarce amount we have. The challenge that we face now, is how we can conserve and distribute the amount of water we have currently. This not only saves less privileged humans but also some animals. In my opinion, we should save a sufficient amount of water now to prevent tragedy this will save not only the poor beggars on the street and you and me. One wrong step and the world could be in war.

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