In recent decades, in
connection with the increase in the number of satellites launched into space, a
question arose among scientists about their future fate after exploitation. The
answer to this question is the appearance of garbage in space and the opinions
of scientists differ as to whether this is a problem. According to some, space
debris does not pose a threat to ships, missiles and operational satellites,
while other specialists in this area believe that this garbage can interfere
with other objects in space. There are also fears about the fact that these
cosmic remains can harm our planet. This issue remains open in the world of
space sciences, despite the fact that there are a number of events related to
the collision of satellites and missiles with this garbage. For example, the
case of 2007 can be cited when space debris inflicted serious damage to the
radiator panel of the space shuttle Endeavor (NASA.2007). In fact, this is not
an isolated case of problems with space debris, which indicates the need to
find a solution to this problem.
Being a graduate of the
physical and mathematical school and choosing the direction of the specialty
related to science, I consider the problems of the cosmos as important enough
and interesting to study them and find ways to solve them.
There are significant
consequences of the existence of space debris such as causing them damage to
the planet, launched missiles and other equally dangerous moments. Therefore,
this research project will address the problem of space wastes and how to
1. What does the term space debris mean?
2. What is the cause of appearance of space debris?
3. How do scientists describe their opinion about this problem?
4. What consequences can be ignoring this problem?
5. What solutions to this
problem will be discussed in this project?
? definition of space debris
? the appearance of rubbish in space
? influence of different countries on the creation of space
? the main reasons for the increase in the number of space
? Thesis: ways to reduce space debris should be found by known
2. Collision with
? increase in the frequency of collision of rubbish and
satellites in space (NASA.2011)
? collision damage
3. Possible hitting with
? Falling of WT1190F object to the Earth in 2015 (IAC and
European Space Agency, 2015)
? Aftermaths of this impact
4. Obstacles to new
? An attempt to evade space debris at the International Space
? Re-statement of thesis
? Summarize all shortcomings of inaction against space debris
Crowther, Richard. “Space
Junk–Protecting Space for Future Generations.” Science 296, no. 5571
In this article from an
academic peer reviewed journal, Crowther discusses the problems of space debris
describing their appearance and possible outcomes of ignoring their existence,
as well as considering state agreements on this topic. Since the article was
published in the journal Science which is the peer-reviewed academic journal of
the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the
world’s top academic journal , this material is supposed to be a reliable
source of information. According to the Crowther, an appearance of artificial
debris in space is explained by launches and orbital operations, as well as the
remnants of past explosions and collisions. Although approximately 99% of the
cosmic waste is cataloged, it is only large remains that are larger than 1 cm.
Small objects less than 1 cm in orbit are larger than 100,000 and they can
cause significant damage to spacecraft. At this forum, Crowther writes about
international agreements between space-faring states about mitigating space debris near the Earth for
the next several decades. Therefore, this article useful for me because it
contains information about the appearance and aftermath of the appearance of
remains in orbit.
Kortenkamp, Steve. Space Junk. Mankato, MN:
Capstone Press, 2008.
The second reliable
source is the book “Space Junk” by Kortenkamp Steve. The title of the book
indicates full information about space debris. In addition, the book describes
not only its appearance in orbit, but also the hazards and possible solutions
of this problem. The author of this book, Dr. Kortenkamp, received his doctorate
in philosophy of astronomy in 1996 at the University of Florida. He was later a
fellow of George Westroll at the Carnegie Institution in Washington, Department
of Terrestrial Magnetism until 2001, then he entered the University of Arizona.
Achievements in such areas make the author qualified enough to trust his work.
Jerry Wright. “Station Debris Avoidance
Maneuver Conducted.” NASA. March 16, 2014.
The next source for
writing the project is the internationally recognized organization NASA.The
article “Station Debris Avoidance Maneuver Conducted” is suitable for
explaining the maneuvers that were made to avoid space debris. The article was
published in 2014, which shows the relevance of the chosen topic and also makes
the source reliable because it was written relatively recently.