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            Iran is a country located in the
middle east, known for its strong religious beliefs and strict policies. Religion
has influenced the Iranian government and policies. Iran’s government is
categorized as a theocratic government because it strictly built upon the
Islamic religion. Iran president, Hassan Rouhani, was first elected by citizens
of Iran and approved by their supreme leader to run a four-year term1.

Its religion and corrupted government have created injustice, inequality and
violations of human rights within Iran’s society.

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            Iran is very strict with its media
and restricts many journalists from expressing their opinions about the Iranian
government. According to the Human Rights Watch, authorities have “continued to
arrest and charge journalists, bloggers, and online media activists for
exercising their right to freedom of expression”2.

The law states that any form of insult towards their government officials is a
crime (HRW). Students, journalist and many human rights activists have been
convicted of crimes and put in prison for simply expressing their opinions
towards their government. The government has also been accused of torturing
those who criticize or stand against the Iranian government (HRW). The Iranian
government also prohibits the practice of different religions other than Islam.

According to the BBC, authorities also “block or filter websites they consider
objectionable,” such as anti-Islamic websites (BBC). Islamic law has highly
influenced the language, religion and policies that people are able to practice
in Iran.

            Islamic
law has affected human rights by restricting individuals from practicing their
own religion, freedom of expression and freedom of speech. The Islamic religion
plays a role in the violation of human rights and unfair policies within this
country. Its culture and religion have contributed in making this country very
conservative when it comes to women rights or sexual orientation acceptance. The
government also fears a revolution by the people, and therefore; prohibits
activist from protesting, expressing their opinions and practicing other
religions. Its religion has allowed for the country to remain and hold conservative
values. The government should stop violating human rights by implementing more
inclusive and humanitarian policies. It should also stop its mass executions
and prevent less crimes against humanity.  

            Iran is one the countries that falls
in between a scale of three and four in the Political Terror Scale. Since 1975
to 2015, the Political Terror Scale has had a dramatic trend, but remains the
same in terms of average3.

From 1975 to 2000, Iran had the most human violations. However, the average
from 1975 to 2015 are very similar. A four in the Political Terror Scale
indicates that violations of human rights, murder, disappearance and torture
among their population is common in their country (PTS). In comparison to the
rest of the world, it has a similar trend but different averages. From 1975 to
2015, the rest of world has remained in the same scale number between 2 and 3
(PTS). This indicates that the rest of world is doing much better in terms of
less human rights violations than Iran.

1 Annabelle
Sreberny, “BBC Broadcasting in the Middle East,” Media Evolution on
the Eve of the Arab Spring, May 2, 2017, , doi:10.1057/9781137403155.0016.

2 “Iran,”
Human Rights Watch, June 05, 2017, , accessed January 31, 2018,
https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2017/country-chapters/iran.

3 The
Political Terror Scale (PTS) App, , accessed January 31, 2018,
https://haschke.shinyapps.io/PTS-App/.

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