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Literature review:

Intro: Every young individual is ready able and willing to
earn for their respectable living in the society but people with disabilities
are misinterpreted and considered as a wasteful resource who cannot earn their
living and are always seeking sympathy. Therefore, disable people are likely to
go through social exclusion and poverty which can negatively affect their
social, physical and mental wellbeing. To counter that, employment opportunity
offered to disabled people can help them to feel important, welcome and
appreciated. We are concentrating on adolescents and youthful grown-ups on the
grounds that investment in the work environment can help them to encounter a
more prominent feeling of control over their life, which they can use to shape
their feeling of self in adulthood. This article discusses the barriers for
employment of disabled individuals. . Challenges typically encountered by
people with disabilities in the workplace include the inadequate
transportation, lack of support, low self-esteem, attitudinal barriers,
stereotypes and stigma. The most often reported barrier is attitudes and
discrimination.

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Methodology:  Research
questions asked were as follows: (1) What are the employment barriers faced by youngsters
and youthful grownups with disabilities? (2) What are the characteristics of young
individuals experiencing these hindrances?

Data from the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation
Survey (PALS) conducted by Statistics Canada was analyzed. This is a
cross-sectional, telephone post-censal national survey. Facts provided by
Statistics Canada, which account for sample design, adjustments for non-response
and post-stratification to census population were used to provide estimates
representative of household populations. Prevalence estimates were derived from
descriptive statistics (chi squares). Multivariate regression models, one for
each dependent variable, were used to evaluate the association between
socio-cultural characteristics and barriers to working. Type of disability,
severity (e.g., mild, moderate, severe, a Statistics Canada derived variable)
and duration of disability (i.e., 10 years þ) were controlled for. Final models
included weighted sample data to reflect the distribution among youth in
Canada.

Sample size:

Survey revealed  an
overall response rate of 74.9%. For the purpose of this study persons aged
15–24 were used (n = 15,817) as the survey was based on the study of
employnment opportunity of young people with disabilities.

 

Conclusion: The barriers and discrimination experienced by the
youngsters and youthful grownups in this study are consistent with past
research focusing on adults. Our findings showed that socio-demographic characteristics
predicted the types of hindrances experienced. Severity of disability, level of
education, gender, low income, geographic location and type of disability influenced
the kinds of hindrances to employment that were encountered. Indeed, social
environments can influence perception and experience of hindrances. This is
consistent with previous studies on adults indicating that hindrances to
employment are linked to socio demographic characteristics. The link between
education level and hindrances to employment are also consistent with past
research showing that those with lower education levels typically encounter
more hindrances. Our study showed that more youngsters and youthful grownups
with a low income were refused an interview and experienced discrimination in
the workplace than those from higher income backgrounds. This finding may be a
result of low-income youth having less ‘social capital.’ Another key finding
around socio-economic status was that low income was a barrier to working, especially
in relation to concerns about losing income and other supports.

 

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