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One of the non-financial benefits of the JIT system is the enhanced level of motivation on the part of the employees. Implementing the cell manufacturing system means that there will be less supervision in the individual cells and as a result, employees will be empowered to make their decisions. This will add to the motivational factor of the employees.Dean should sell the idea to the Joiner manager and to the workers at the very start during the conceptual stage. Converting to the JIT system means that this will be a project of managing change. Most projects of this kind fail because employees are unwilling to accept change.The cell work would be different because the entire floor of the department would be divided into small cells that would specialize in different parts of the product manufacturing process. Previously it was not specified where different products were placed on the department floor. The location of the equipment was also not specified.4) Should Dean differentiate the working environment by providing distinctive workwear, such as T-shirts, and distinctively-painted machines in order to reinforce a cultural change?Dean should implement the suggested changes because as mentioned before, the project is one of managing change. This means that the management should build an organizational culture that is based on the process of innovation. Employees are the most important assets of an organization and therefore the top management should create the best possible working conditions designed to maximize employee satisfaction.5) What risks are associated with Dean’s proposal?The risks associated with Dean’s proposal have to do with the costs that will be incurred as a result of the factory floor being rearranged. There will also be work stoppages during the implementation process. Therefore, the challenge for Dean will be to manage project implementation in such a manner that the normal process flow is not disrupted during the transition period. The risks also have to do with the employees not being motivated enough to make the switch to a new manufacturingphilosophy. Additional costs will be incurred in the form of formal training and development programs that will have to be conducted in order to help the employees adapt to the new structure.

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