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Patterns are defined as a series or sequence that repeats (Burgess). They are observed in things like shapes, colors, and or other sequences. But patterns are not limited to arbitrary items, they are found in the real world as well. In fact, one of the most prominent places to find patterns is in of the Islamic world. More specifically, the types of patterns that are consisted of Islamic art are geometric patterns. Geometric patterns are a type of pattern that is formed through geometric shapes and is repeated like a wallpaper. Geometric designs are one of the most widely recognized visual traditions from the Islamic world, yet little is known about the composition and the craftsmanship behind these pieces (Broug).Regardless, the geometric compositions prevailed in everyday Islamic lives, they were found on buildings, ceramics, metalwork, paintings, woodwork, clothes, and other objects. These designs were built on a combination of repeated shapes, which were overlapped and interlaced to form intricate and complex patterns. These patterns can be classified as wallpaper patterns; patterns with transition symmetry in two different directions. To further elaborate for a pattern to be categorized as a wallpaper pattern, it would be through finding the smallest rotational symmetry, which would be measured as a fraction of a full turn. Because Islamic art is composed of geometric patterning, each design would qualify as a wallpaper pattern, but to classify them would require careful analysis of the pieces In Islamic culture, the circle was used to symbolize unity and diversity in nature – many of the patterns are started by drawing a circle. For example, in the image to the right is consisted of a circle enclosed by an eight-pointed star, this shape is a representation of Allah’s light spreading throughout the world. Another example would be the image on the left, is a tile pattern from 13th century Persia. The decoration is based on a circle, it is divided into six by six circles of the same diameter around the original circle. Although the pattern itself is not a circle, it is a sixfold pattern, the hexagonal shape is one of the most common shapes associated with the sixfold geometric design.   

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