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Regarded the greatest debate manage by the delegates
to the Constitutional Convention in 1787. The Great Compromise, proposed an answer
to a heated debate between the larger and smaller states. Early in the
Constitutional Convention, delegates visualized a Congress that will only have
one single chamber with a certain number of representatives from each state. The
heated dispute was about, how many representatives from each state? Delegates
from the more populated states favored the Virginia Plan, which believed that
each state should have different numbers of representatives based on the state
population. On the other hand delegates from much smaller states supported the
New Jersey Plan, which suggested that each state send the same number of
representatives to Congress. (James Madison, Father of the U.S.
Constitution)
(Longley, Robert. “The Great
Compromise of 1787.” ThoughtCo, Jun. 30, 2017,)

The Virginia Plan suggested for a
bicameral legislative branch. The Constitutional Convention originally was held
in Philadelphia to alter the Articles of Confederation, the federal government,
under the Articles, was too
weak to enforce their laws and therefore had no power.  James Madison, headed the Virginia Delegates,
he shape the debate by instantly drawing up and presenting a
proposal. Edmund Randolph, then Governor of Virginia officially put the suggestion
before the Convention on May 29, 1787. (loc.gov)

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The
Virginia Plan’s 15 solutions stretched the debate to include what form the
structure and power of the national government would take. It was the first
document to produce a separation of powers between the three branches of
government executive, legislative,
and judicial branch.
The Virginia Plan also planned that the legislative branch should only consist
of two houses and each of the states would be represented based on population.
This meant that states with a larger population, would have more
representatives than smaller states. The larger states approved of the plan
while the smaller states did not. (usconstitution.net)

The Virginia plan have played an important role by
setting the final plan for the convention and required a powerful national
government. It was the primary document to giving suggestions for the
separation of the powers of the judiciary, the manager and therefore the
assembly. It remained winning in sinking the distinction between the
Anti-Federalist and therefore the Federalists because it needed a bicameral
assembly. It was finally adopted by the convention and was incorporated into
the Constitution. (Government-and-constitution.org)

The New Jersey set up was introduced to the
Constitutional Convention by William Paterson, a brand New Jersey delegate, on
June 15, 1787. The Constitutional Convention was convened to amend the Articles
of Confederation, however it became apparent that a brand new government would
want to be created. The Articles of Confederation was the primary style of
government, however was thought-about ineffective as a result of Americans
didn’t need to possess another tyrant like nice United Kingdom. The states
wished the facility. One among the main debates that emerged throughout the
Convention is what number votes every state would have in Congress. (loc.gov)                                                                                          

The New Jersey Plan was meant to be the alternate
option to the Virginia Plan in regards to how the federal government would be
structured. Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware and Maryland created
the New Jersey Plan. The New Jersey Plan was meant to protect the interests of
the smaller states from being crush by the larger states. The plan called for
one vote for each state in Congress rather than having votes based on
representation, since that would benefit the larger states. (Lumenlearning)

The New Jersey Plan detailed a lawmaking body of
just a single house and highlighted approach portrayal in which each state had the
same number of delegates. The objective was for smaller states to have a
similar level of energy in the governing body from the larger states. The New
Jersey Plan, similar to the Virginia Plan, additionally called for Separation
of Powers consisting of legislative, executive, and judicial branches. (Lumenlearning)

Both The Virginia and New Plan believed in a 3
branch government. The two were heavily different Virginia plan advocated two
legislative houses of which membership would be based on population. New Jersey
plan advocated one legislative house, membership in which would be equal for
all states. Large states favored Virginia Plan because it was
based on population while             small
states favored New Jersey Plan because it gives equal representation.

Before the creation of the Great Compromise, the Congress
adopted The Articles of Confederation this was known as the US first Constitution
it was first introduced on November 15, 1777. However, ratification of the
Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states did not occur until March 1,
1781. Before the Ratification of the Article of Confederation. The Article had
great importance under these articles, the states remained sovereign and
freelance, with Congress serving because the expedient on appeal of disputes.
Congress was additionally given the authority to form treaties and alliances,
maintain military and coin money.  (Loc.gov)

 

The Articles made the Congress, the highest power in
the nation because of the fear of monarchy. Congress had the exclusive power to
declare war, assign treaties, entertain foreign relations, and operate post
offices. Disputes between states and territorial problems were to be sent to
Congress. The document also insisted on that Canada was allowed to enter the
Union if they desired. Once the American colonies became free from the British
Empire, the citizens didn’t have anyone to govern them and which ensures the
country would stay on a sleek and stable course. The Articles of Confederation
resolved by putting the Congress in power and giving it the authority to make
decisions for the new nation.  (History.com/articleofconfederation)

It promoted trade and travel. The freedom of
movement wasn’t always thinkable when America was under the control of Great
Britain. This all have changed, though, when the Articles of Confederation
implemented. People were allowed to travel throughout the 13 states and/ or trade
with other people, which gives them the chance to seek a better life for
themselves. Except for the people that have committed crimes. (study.com)

The Articles of Confederation may have its strengths
but it’s have revealed that even though the Congress was given the authority to
make treaties and alliances, maintain armed forces and coin money. The central
government lacked the power to impose taxes and regulate market, these issues led
to the Constitutional Convention in 1787 creating new federal laws. From
the start of the American Revolution, Congress felt the requirement for a
stronger union and a government powerful capable of defeating Great
Britain.  (study.com)

During the early years of the warfare this became a desire
that the new nation must have a constitutional order gorgeous to its republican
character. A concern of central authority withdrawn the beginning of such a
government, and extensively shared political principle held that a republic
ought to no longer effectively serve a large nation such as the United States.
The legislators of a giant republic would be unable to remain in contact with
the humans they represented, and the republic would certainly degenerate into a
tyranny. To many Americans their union seem to be simply a league of
confederated states, and their Congress a diplomatic assemblage, representing
13 independent polities. (History.com/articleofconfederation)

 

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