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Schizophrenia

 

Schizophrenia is a psychological and
mental disorder that affects the brain and it is rooted with biological
functions of the brain cells.

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Schizophrenia was first described in
1887 by Dr. Emil Krapelin and since then many psychologists has been trying to
study this disorder but it is not completely understood yet.

Schizophrenia tends to strike men
and women equally, slightly earlier in men than in women and it rarely hits
people under 12 or over 45.

The word Schizophrenia means
“fragmented min” and it has nothing to do with split personality which is a
completely another disorder, fragmented mind or split mind is when a person can
not distinguish between what is real and what is unreal.

In the past 100 years since
schizophrenia was firstly discovered people are trying to understand what
causes this disorder they have studies a number of patients but yet there is no
clear cause or a main cause, so today it is generally accepted by doctors that
it is in genes and in some cases the environment plays a big roll. But although
the doctors agreed on this, Schizophrenia remains a mystery that we hope one
day doctors will get to know what the main cause is.

Schizophrenia has many symptoms and signs
that shows before and after a person is diagnosed, such as: hallucination,
delusion, abnormal movements and actions etc…

Schizophrenic patients are usually
treated using meditation and in some cases CBT is so helpful for treatment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Causes

 

 

What causes Schizophrenia remain
unknown until this day, but according to the doctors who have studied this case
it is a mixture between genetics, brain chemistry and environment that develops
the disorder.

But anyhow, there are factors that
increase the risk of developing the disorder such as:

·        
Different types
of drugs

·        
Depression

·        
A family with a
schizophrenic history.

·        
Social
isolation

·        
Over-thinking

·        
Physical or
sexual abuse during childhood

 

 

Signs

 

Schizophrenia
strikes suddenly in some cases without any previous warning, but most of the
time it comes slowly with early warning signs, for example:

·        
Becoming
anti-social.

·        
Isolation.

·        
List of
interests decreases.

·        
Leaving
hobbies.

·        
Unmotivated
most of the times.

·        
Emotionless.

 

 

And
then comes the signs before diagnosing:

·        
Depression.

·        
Extreme
reaction to criticism.

·        
Becomes harder
to express.(crying, laughing)

·        
Over sleeping
or problems sleeping.

·        
Abnormal use of
words

 

Having these signs does not always mean that the person is
schizophrenic or about to be diagnosed, it could be normal signs, but if they
meet together it is better to consult a doctor.

 

 

 

 

 

Symptoms

 

Schizophrenic symptoms are divided
into five types which are:

1) Delusions

 

 

·        
Delusions of
persecution: Believing that
someone is spying on them and want to kidnap or kill them, and they start to
have weird ideas, for example: Bobby Fischer the best chess player ever, he
used to think that someone is spying on his home phone, so every place he goes
to he used to smash the phone into pieces so that they cannot spy on him.

 

·        
Delusions of
reference: Believing that someone popular is
leaving them a message with hidden meaning and this message is specifically
meant for them.

 

·        
Delusions of
grandeur: Believing that they are a popular
figure a prophet for example. And they have super-powers such as flying.

 

·        
Delusions of
control: Believing that something is
controlling their actions or their minds like an outside, alien force. Common
delusions may include “My private thoughts are being transmitted to others”, “Someone
is planting thoughts in my head”, “The CIA is robbing me of my thoughts”.

 

 

 

 

 

                                      2)
Hallucinations

 

 

·        
Hallucinations
are somethings that does not really exist it is just something a schizophrenic
patient sees it as a real thing. Seeing people that does not exist, in most
cases people they see is someone they care about and have lost them.

·        
Hearing voices
in their heads, most commonly criticizing them, ask them to do things, warn
them of an upcoming danger.

·        
Hallucinations
are always worse when the patient is alone.

 

 

 

 

                     3)
Disorganized Speech

 

·        
Schizophrenia can cause you to
have trouble concentrating and maintaining a train of thought, externally
manifesting itself in the way that you speak. You may respond to queries with
an unrelated answer, start sentences with one topic and end somewhere
completely different, speak incoherently, or say illogical things.

Common
signs of disorganized speech include:

·        
Loose associations: Rapidly shifting from topic to topic, with no connection
between one thought and the next.

·        
Neologisms: Made-up words or phrases that
only have meaning to you.

·        
Perseveration: Repetition of words and
statements; saying the same thing over and over.

·        
Clang: Meaningless use of rhyming words
(“I said the bread and read the shed and fed Ned at the head”).

 

 

 

 

4) Disorganized behavior

 

·        
Schizophrenia
disrupts goal-directed activity, impairing your ability to take care of
yourself, your work, and interact with others. Disorganized behavior appears
as:

·        
A decline in
overall daily functioning

·        
Unpredictable
or inappropriate emotional responses

·        
Behaviors that
appear bizarre and have no purpose

·        
Lack of
inhibition and impulse control

 

 

 

 

              5)
negative symptoms (absence of normal behavior)

 

       

·        
The so-called
“negative” symptoms of schizophrenia refer to the absence of normal behaviors
found in healthy individuals, such as:

·        
Lack of
emotional expression – Inexpressive face, including a flat voice, lack of eye
contact, and blank or restricted facial expressions.

·        
Lack of
interest or enthusiasm – Problems with motivation; lack of self-care.

·        
Seeming lack of
interest in the world – Apparent unawareness of the environment; social
withdrawal.

·        
Speech
difficulties and abnormalities – Inability to carry a conversation; short and
sometimes disconnected replies to questions; speaking in monotone.

 

 

 

 

 

Treatment

 

Medication and therapy are the two basic ways to treat
schizophrenia but the most important thing is the self-help and to know the
disorder for those who have it, are the best ways to prevent development of
symptoms.

Medication

Some
schizophrenic symptoms can be treated using medications such as:

·        
Hallucinations

·        
Delusions

·        
Paranoia

·        
Disordered
thinking

 

                                                   Other
symptoms cannot be well treated such as:

·        
Social
withdrawal

·        
Lack of
motivation

·        
Lack of
emotional expressiveness

 

 

                                                                      
Therapy

 

Can help with managing stress and to
prevent bizarre movement also to have good life skills that will help the
patient have a normal social life.

 

                                                                      
Self-Help

 

Medication and therapy can take time
to take full effect but there are still things you can do for yourself to help
manage symptoms, improve the way you feel, and increase your self-esteem. The
more you do to help yourself, the less hopeless and helpless you’ll feel, and
the more likely your doctor will be able to reduce your medication.

 

Interesting facts

 

·        
Along with
depression, schizophrenia is one of the only disorders known to exist every
culture and society around the world.

·        
1% of the
population will develop schizophrenia.

·        
About 10% of
schizophrenic cases commit suicide and more like to have alcohol or drugs abuse
problem.

·        
Marijuana
increase the risk to develop the disorder.

·        
 

 

 

Famous people with schizophrenia

 

·        
John Nash –
Noble prize winner in mathematics.

·        
Syd Barret – A
famous musician.

·        
Mary Todd
Lincoln – Abraham Lincoln’s wife.

 

 

Related movies

 

·        
A beautiful
mind.

·        
The Soloist.

·        
Angeles of the
universe.

 

These movies
are literally about schizophrenic patients that suffers from different
symptoms.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

 

 

 

·        

What is Schizophrenia?

·        
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/schizophrenia/symptoms-causes/syc-20354443

·        

Schizophrenia Symptoms and Coping Tips

·        
https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-schizophrenia

·        
http://www.schizophrenia.com/famous.htm

·        
https://www.healthyplace.com/thought-disorders/schizophrenia-information/schizophrenia-facts-schizophrenia-statistics/

·        
A Beautiful
mind.

·        
The Soloist.

·        
Angeles of the
universe.

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