Schizophrenia is a psychological and
mental disorder that affects the brain and it is rooted with biological
functions of the brain cells.
Schizophrenia was first described in
1887 by Dr. Emil Krapelin and since then many psychologists has been trying to
study this disorder but it is not completely understood yet.
Schizophrenia tends to strike men
and women equally, slightly earlier in men than in women and it rarely hits
people under 12 or over 45.
The word Schizophrenia means
“fragmented min” and it has nothing to do with split personality which is a
completely another disorder, fragmented mind or split mind is when a person can
not distinguish between what is real and what is unreal.
In the past 100 years since
schizophrenia was firstly discovered people are trying to understand what
causes this disorder they have studies a number of patients but yet there is no
clear cause or a main cause, so today it is generally accepted by doctors that
it is in genes and in some cases the environment plays a big roll. But although
the doctors agreed on this, Schizophrenia remains a mystery that we hope one
day doctors will get to know what the main cause is.
Schizophrenia has many symptoms and signs
that shows before and after a person is diagnosed, such as: hallucination,
delusion, abnormal movements and actions etc…
Schizophrenic patients are usually
treated using meditation and in some cases CBT is so helpful for treatment.
What causes Schizophrenia remain
unknown until this day, but according to the doctors who have studied this case
it is a mixture between genetics, brain chemistry and environment that develops
But anyhow, there are factors that
increase the risk of developing the disorder such as:
A family with a
sexual abuse during childhood
strikes suddenly in some cases without any previous warning, but most of the
time it comes slowly with early warning signs, for example:
most of the times.
then comes the signs before diagnosing:
reaction to criticism.
to express.(crying, laughing)
or problems sleeping.
Abnormal use of
Having these signs does not always mean that the person is
schizophrenic or about to be diagnosed, it could be normal signs, but if they
meet together it is better to consult a doctor.
Schizophrenic symptoms are divided
into five types which are:
persecution: Believing that
someone is spying on them and want to kidnap or kill them, and they start to
have weird ideas, for example: Bobby Fischer the best chess player ever, he
used to think that someone is spying on his home phone, so every place he goes
to he used to smash the phone into pieces so that they cannot spy on him.
reference: Believing that someone popular is
leaving them a message with hidden meaning and this message is specifically
meant for them.
grandeur: Believing that they are a popular
figure a prophet for example. And they have super-powers such as flying.
control: Believing that something is
controlling their actions or their minds like an outside, alien force. Common
delusions may include “My private thoughts are being transmitted to others”, “Someone
is planting thoughts in my head”, “The CIA is robbing me of my thoughts”.
are somethings that does not really exist it is just something a schizophrenic
patient sees it as a real thing. Seeing people that does not exist, in most
cases people they see is someone they care about and have lost them.
in their heads, most commonly criticizing them, ask them to do things, warn
them of an upcoming danger.
are always worse when the patient is alone.
Schizophrenia can cause you to
have trouble concentrating and maintaining a train of thought, externally
manifesting itself in the way that you speak. You may respond to queries with
an unrelated answer, start sentences with one topic and end somewhere
completely different, speak incoherently, or say illogical things.
signs of disorganized speech include:
Loose associations: Rapidly shifting from topic to topic, with no connection
between one thought and the next.
Neologisms: Made-up words or phrases that
only have meaning to you.
Perseveration: Repetition of words and
statements; saying the same thing over and over.
Clang: Meaningless use of rhyming words
(“I said the bread and read the shed and fed Ned at the head”).
4) Disorganized behavior
disrupts goal-directed activity, impairing your ability to take care of
yourself, your work, and interact with others. Disorganized behavior appears
A decline in
overall daily functioning
or inappropriate emotional responses
appear bizarre and have no purpose
inhibition and impulse control
negative symptoms (absence of normal behavior)
“negative” symptoms of schizophrenia refer to the absence of normal behaviors
found in healthy individuals, such as:
emotional expression – Inexpressive face, including a flat voice, lack of eye
contact, and blank or restricted facial expressions.
interest or enthusiasm – Problems with motivation; lack of self-care.
Seeming lack of
interest in the world – Apparent unawareness of the environment; social
difficulties and abnormalities – Inability to carry a conversation; short and
sometimes disconnected replies to questions; speaking in monotone.
Medication and therapy are the two basic ways to treat
schizophrenia but the most important thing is the self-help and to know the
disorder for those who have it, are the best ways to prevent development of
schizophrenic symptoms can be treated using medications such as:
symptoms cannot be well treated such as:
Can help with managing stress and to
prevent bizarre movement also to have good life skills that will help the
patient have a normal social life.
Medication and therapy can take time
to take full effect but there are still things you can do for yourself to help
manage symptoms, improve the way you feel, and increase your self-esteem. The
more you do to help yourself, the less hopeless and helpless you’ll feel, and
the more likely your doctor will be able to reduce your medication.
depression, schizophrenia is one of the only disorders known to exist every
culture and society around the world.
1% of the
population will develop schizophrenia.
About 10% of
schizophrenic cases commit suicide and more like to have alcohol or drugs abuse
increase the risk to develop the disorder.
Famous people with schizophrenia
John Nash –
Noble prize winner in mathematics.
Syd Barret – A
Lincoln – Abraham Lincoln’s wife.
Angeles of the
are literally about schizophrenic patients that suffers from different
Angeles of the