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Should the Legal Drinking Age Be Lowered?

you know that the United States has one of the world highest minimum drinking
ages? In the United States every person must be legally 21 years old to consume
alcoholic beverages.The topic of the minimum drinking age has always been
controversial  for many decades in the
United States. In the early
1970s, 29 states lowered their legal drinking age to 18, 19 or 20. But after a
rise in drunk-driving crashes among young people, many states began to reverse
course. A change in federal law eventually pushed all states to adopt a minimum
drinking age of 21L Therefore, in 1984 the Congress passed
the National Minimum Drinking Act which required states to have a minimum
drinking age of 21 to the consumption of alcohol if they wanted to receive
federal highway monies. The Legal Drinking Age should remain to 21 in order
to prevent traffic fatalities, health problems, and to promote safety and
responsabilities among teenagers.

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            Alcohol is a substance that is
dangerous and if people who consume it don’t do it in a moderate way it can
lead to serious consequences, due to the fact that it is considered a drug since
it can lead to addiction. Since the minimum drinking age was raised to twenty-one
in 1984, fatal accidents among younger people has decreased significantly.
According to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention “After all states
adopted an age 21 MLDA, drinking during the previous month among persons aged
18 to 20 years declined from 59% in 1985 to 40% in 1991.” lowering the drinking
age will result in more alcohol-related accidents and deaths, especially while
driving. Drunk driving deaths have actually steadily decreased in the past
thwenty years. In fact, this trend began occurring since 1982, two years before
the legal drinking age became twenty-one through the Uniform Drinking Age Act. It
has shown that this trend occurred throughout all age groups and various other
categories and therefore cannot be directly attributed to the drinking age. An
estimated 90% of drunk driving deaths in the United States were found in the
over 21 age group so drunk driving cannot be necessarily attributed to age.

the amount of drunk driving deaths in the United States has decreased at a
slower rate. As many people argue that lowering the drinking age is fatal, because
most of the car accidents are caused by underage people who were driving under
alcohol influence. In the United States, alcohol-related car crashes among
drivers aged 16 to 20 declined by 61% from 1982 to 1998, according to the
National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA). In addition, the
NHTSA estimates that more than 23,000 alcohol-related vehicular deaths in the
U.S. have been prevented since 1975, the year many states began raising their
drinking ages. Alcohol dulls parts of the brain that are crucial to decision
making, decreases the ability to concentrate, and slows the reaction time
behind the wheel. Drunk drivers are treacherous on the road and can easily hurt
themselves or someone innocent. for those reasons the legal drinking age should
remain 21 in order to prevent car accidents. “The (minimum legal drinking age) should stay at 21 because
people tend to be more mature and responsible at 21 than 18” (
Many lives are taken away because of underage At
the age of twenty one, one has experienced more life situations than an
eighteen year old has, making the twenty one year old a more responsible human

            Can alcohol affect the growing and developmental
process for teens? This is a questions that most of the young people ignore
kwnowing that alcohol can make a big impact in the development of their brain.
In addition, Drinking alcohol can be very dangerous in terms of health, it can
affect people from having a headache to leading to cirrhosis which is one of
the leading cause of death on mens, due to the fact that mens are more prone to
get into addiction. According to MMDA “Excessive alcohol consumption before
that age can lead to permanent brain damage, negatively affecting a person’s
memory, motor skills and test-taking ability for the rest of their lives,”.
Additionally, supporters cite research showed that because many teenagers’
bodies are not fully developed until they reach their late teens or early
twenties, excessive alcohol use could severely damage their more-sensitive
livers. Also binge drinking can cause learning disabilities and damage your
memory. It distorts your ­vision and leads to blackout. Teenagers often think
that drinking will give you more energy, but alcohol isn’t an energy drink;
it’s a depressant. Alcohol
also has a significant affect on the heart. The heart is the main part of the
body that needs to stay healthy and consumption of alcohol can cause irregular
heartbeat, strokes, and high blood pressure. Consumption of alcohol causes many
future health risks such as; increase risk of cancer, cirrhosis, fibrosis, and
alcohol hepatitis. According to (,
2017) Lowering MLDA 21 would
be medically irresponsible. Alcohol consumption can interfere with development
of the young adult brain’s frontal lobes, essential for functions such as
emotional regulation, planning, and organization. When alcohol consumption
interferes with this early adult brain development, the potential for chronic
problems such as greater vulnerability to addiction, dangerous risk-taking
behavior, reduced decision-making ability, memory loss, depression, violence,
and suicide is greater.

            Underage drinking is considered
irresponsible because it can lead to serious consequences.  A People
who drink before they are 21 years old are also more likely to take part in
risky behavior such as having unprotected sex, having multiple sexual partners,
and taking other risks they normally would not when sober. This results in a
large number of unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases among
young people. “The United States  has the highest rate of STDs in the developed
(Torr,2002). Combining alcohol with sex can be very dangerous for
teenagers because having unprotected sex can change the course of their lives.
In addition, the chance of sexual assault taking place when using alcohol
increases greatly, whether it is just the victim, the offender or both under
the influence of alcohol. Women have a harder time completing complex tasks
when they drink at an early age, where as men have a difficult time paying
attention.  having unprotected sex, as
the Center of Disease and Prevention says “Women who binge drink are more
likely to have unprotected sex and multiple sex partners. These activities
increase the risks of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.”
This is one of the most common consequences on underage drinking, mostly in
High School students. high school students are ore prone to have unprotected
sex while they are drunk because the only thing that matter for them is having
fun, therefore underage alcohol can lead to unintended pregnancyes.Therefore is
very important to maintain the legal drinking age to 21 because at 21 people
are more responsible and assume the consequences.

            In the other hand, The common
argument that most debate is that people of the age of 18 “can vote, join the
military, sign contracts, and even smoke. Why shouldn’t they be able to drink?”
This is because there is a certain maturity level that one must reach. “18 is
the age of adulthood in the United States, and adults should have the right to
make their own decisions about alcohol consumption”. (,
2017).  An 18 year old is considered an
adult and can be tried in court if he makes false judgement and commits a
crime. Threfore, an 18 year old is capable of making every other decision as an
adult but perhaps is incapable of making a decision whether or not they should
drink. The 21 year old age limit for alcohol consumption sounds somewhat
hypocritical, but may indeed serve teeneagers and society alike with fewer
alcohol related deaths. eighteen year-old to twenty-one year-olds are not
mature enough to handle such a chemical as alcohol. Which then we would have to
take into consideration that some adults older than 21 are not mature. But
these adults would still have to take responsibility for their actions. Most of
these adults are responsible and know how to handle their alcohol. Teenagers,
on the other hand, are not at all responsible. They only think about themselves
and sometimes they do not think at all.


            In conclusion, The United States has
a minimum drinking age of 21.

minimum legal drinking age of 21 has proven to save lives and reduce negative
effects in people who consume alcohol legally. Compared to other countries has
proven a safe drinking age. In addition to all of the positive effects of
having this law set in place, there are plenty of ways parents can prevent
their adolescent from consuming alcohol.


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