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Sir Isaac Newton’s
Third law states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.
Though this quote and concept was based on physics, it is still very relevant
for everyday life. Every decision we made and continue to make has a
consequence: whether it be good or bad is not always easy to decipher at first.
This week the group examined three scenarios to see whether the choices made
were for the greater good or ones own personal pleasure. As you will see, the
greater good was not preserved in any scenario

The
first scenario involved a mayor of a major city accepting gifts from
organizations that have done business with the city, and some that haven’t but
might in the future. As a public servant, it is
against the law to take bribes. Receiving gifts from people who had benefited
from city contracts and from organizations eyeing contracts in the future is an
unpatriotic act., so with that said the mayor’s decision to accept these gifts
was unethical. Accepting gifts from organizations that have not done business
with him yet might cause a controversy if they do work together in the future.
The actions do not represent a greater good because the mayor accepted these
gifts for his own personal gain. Going golfing or to professional sporting
events will not help better the community. The mayor alone would benefit from
the good because he is receiving them for his own personal usage. We believe
Locke would not approve of the mayor receiving gifts from the people who have city
contracts because this essential would be a social contract with the two parties.
Locke would suggest that these people expect favors in the future from the
mayor. This would not be for the greater good, just to please the mayor and potential
partners, which is unethical.

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Next,
we examined the instructor pursing her doctorate in night school, and giving
her students the same lectures assignments and exams every semester. Many teachers and college professors
recycle lesson plans and assignments. With that said, the professor’s actions
are unethical and create a conflict of interest.  The professor is managing her academic requirements
by not giving her students the best quality of education. She doesn’t alter the
lessons in anyway. So, the students are not learning about new studies, experiments
or current events in the class she teachers. Administering the same workload and
exams mean the professor is possibly providing outdated material to the
students. This may help the professor with her school work, but her students won’t
get the quality education they paid for and deserve. With that said the actions
only results in the professors own good. This then means that the consequences
do not ethically justify the actions. We believe Locke would also disapprove of
the professor’s actions. This woman has violating the social contract she has
with the school and with her students.

Finally, we analyzed the scenario with a
married couple with financial as well as other problems that decided to have a
baby. The decision by Todd
and Edna to have a baby to be more responsible
is completely wrong. The innocent baby will not be able to guarantee that all their
problems will be alleviated. The fact that Edna is pregnant and is a heavy
drinker puts the baby’s health at risk if she is unable to stop for the next 9
months plus however long she is breastfeeding. Also, if Edna is pregnant she
will not be able to work for some time which may reduce finances, and bring in more
problems. Moreover, since Todd cannot keep a job the two will have to establish
how they will be able to meet their expenses while Edna isn’t working, and once
they have an extra person to take care of. The only ethical approach that the
couple should adopt would have been for them to first solve their problems and
ensure that they become more responsible prior to having the baby rather than
have the baby and hope that they will become responsible because of it.

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