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The debate over the value of homework has stormed on for over a century. Over the past ten years, the homework standard has been a “10-minute rule” (Time 2016). In other words, experts recommend a daily maximum of 10 minutes of homework to increase per grade level. For most students, this rule seems absurd and abused.  Students often empathize with the argument that homework assignments are often random and can take unrealistic amounts of time to complete. Therefore, the value of homework has a detrimental effect on students because it is counterproductive on academic achievement, cause several health issues, and consumes time to socialize with friends and family. An excessive amount of homework can lower students short or long-term educational goals. A group of Australian researchers found numerous results of studies investigating the relationship between time spent on homework and students’ academic performance. Richard Walker, an educational psychologist at Sydney University, stated “Countries where more time is spent on homework, students score lower on a standardized test called the Program for International Student Assessment, or PISA” (). The research demonstrates that overloading children with hours of homework each night is detrimental. It is clear that there is an indirect relationship between test scores and the overload of homework. The more homework a student receives, the lower the scores on a exam. In addition, similar findings showed the same representation between time spent on homework and academic achievement. According to Gerald LeTendre of Pennsylvania State University, he and his colleagues found “Assigning homework appeared to be a remedial strategy, and not an advancement strategy “(). This shows teachers often give students take-home assignments that are unhelpful busy work as a consequence of not covering topics in class or because of a poor quality educational settings. In other words, remedial homework tends to create lower test scores compared with children who are not given the work at all. Not to mention, the helpful advancement strategy assignments seem to demonstrate limited improvement as well. Additionally, research shows too much homework can be counter-productive for students at all grade levels. Harris Cooper, a professor of psychology and director of Duke’s Program in Education, explained the “10-minute rule”, is a commonly accepted practice in which teachers add 10 minutes of homework as students advances to a grade. For example, a fifth-grader would be assigned fifty minutes of homework a night, while a high school twelfth-grader would be assigned two hours. “For upper high school students, after about two hours’ worth, more homework was not associated with higher achievement and eventually, kids burnout,” Cooper stated. Therefore, an ultimate decision is all kids should not be should overloaded with homework, an amount should be given according to their developmental level and home circumstances.Furthermore, an abundant amount of homework can cause several health issues on students’. Denise Pope, a senior lecturer at the Stanford Graduate School of Education and co-author found that too much homework has negative effects on students’ well-being. For example, Pope found one main health issue produced by excessive homework amount is stress. According to Pope and her colleagues, the study showed a 56 percent of the student’s considered homework a primary source of stress while only less than 1 percent of the students said homework was not a stressor(). It is believable that for some students, school work is a main component of stress because their priorities are only focusing on academic achievement. Most of the time, some children are expected to learn in complexity without allowing them time to work out their energy and digest what they have learned. As a result, this increased pressure is brought home and makes completing homework assignments a difficult task and stressful for children. Another major health issue caused by homework is sleep deprivation. According to Craig Canapari, director of the Yale Pediatric Sleep Center, suggest that the amount of homework which teenagers receive has stayed constant over time, not increased or lowered. He stated “I frequently see children and teenagers who have hours and hours of homework every night, an amount of homework that keeps children up late at night with regularity, especially given that getting enough sleep is critical for learning. No child should have to regularly decide between homework and sleep”(). This depicts a very common health issue and shows to be increasing due to too much homework on students. Not getting the necessary sleep will affect the child in the long run. For instance, during the school day their focus will not be completely in class because throughout the day they will fall asleep and all their energy will be gone by the end of a school day. Lastly, other health issues associated with too much homework are headaches, exhaustion, weight loss and stomach problems according to Pope (). No doubt, it is shocking to find that students are developing severe health issues because they do not find a balance in the abundance of homework they receive per night. It is inevitable to avoid such health issues, but the pressure should not be taken on. Therefore, discussing with your children’s teachers ways to reduce the time it takes to complete homework could be a necessary factor to avoid such health problems. A final disadvantage of homework is spending less time to socialize with friends and family and participate in extracurricular activities. All students’ have family and friends. They all want to interact and converse with them but the stacks of homework they receive each night could be consuming that valuable time. Pope, an education scholar at Stanford University, continued her research to indicate that spending too much time on homework meant that students were “Not meeting their developmental needs or cultivating other critical life skills”. It is clear that students are not able to commit as much time to every task as they should because of homework. These students were more likely to drop activities, not see friends or family, and not pursue hobbies they enjoy. It is most likely they will lose connections with certain friends and be more distant from their families. Another example, are students’ dropping extracurricular activities due to the burden amount of homework. The older a student gets, the more involved they will become in their school. Some students have to manage school, extracurricular activities, work, and life. In an article for Psychology Today by Raychelle Cassada Lohmann, a Ph.D. candidate in Counselor Education and Supervision at North Carolina State University, gathered several students to about their experiences in balancing between school and life and at the same with the assigning excessive amount of homework they were assigned on a daily. A student responded “I’m 17 and I’m in my last year of high school. I can honestly tell you that from 7 p.m. to 12 a.m. (sometimes 1 or 2 a.m.) I am doing homework. I’ve been trying to balance my homework with my work schedule, work around my house, and my social life with no success. So if someone were to ask me if I think kids have too much homework, I would say yes they do. My comment is based solely on my personal experience in high school”. Activities students are provided with are to refresh their minds and bodies. Sadly, homework consumes a large portion of the time they have to do all of their errands. For older students, schoolwork might also compete with both part-time and casual work, making it difficult for them to strike a balance between school and work. Therefore, instead of dropping all activities to focus on homework, it would be more beneficial to help a child boost their time management skills.Some people believe that an overload of homework is beneficial for students’ academic achievement, health, and socializing time. Harris Copper, a Duke University Psychology professor, made a point when he said “Homework impacts academic achievement—test scores, for example. His report noted that homework is also thought to improve study habits, attitudes toward school, self-discipline, inquisitiveness and independent problem-solving skills”. Copper does not realize that not all students’ show those improvements, some are not able to handle the overload of homework. Each individual has a different process of mastering these skills, it is not all through homework. However, if homework assignments were more meaningful, realistic and less overwhelming; students would not have much of an issue. In an article for Stanford News, Pope said: “Also, there was no relationship between the time spent on homework and how much the student enjoyed it.” Often, students see homework as “pointless” or “mindless” in order to keep their grades up. This demonstrates that homework should have a significance or some sort of enjoyment. For most students, it seems like a kind of busy work and it discourages learning and instead promotes doing homework simply to get points. In other words, homework leads students to become unmotivated. For instance, Gerald LeTendre, head of Penn State’s Education Policy Studies said “Overburdened by homework, children may become disillusioned with school and lose motivation. And excessive homework can interfere with time otherwise spent connecting as a family by playing games, taking walks, or just talking about the day”. Therefore, one will most likely do better academic wise, if homework was distributed with a meaningful reason. It should not have to impose with giving up family time or activities. If homework amounts were not so excessive, the effects of these assignments would not be so detrimental to a student’s academic goals, health, and socializing time. Excessive amounts of homework lead to a lack of motivation and drive in students as they do not see improvement in their school work. There is no correlation between more homework and higher scores on exams for children. In addition, the large amount of homework leads to negative health effects when a child might feel overwhelmed. Lastly, excessive work prevents socialization as they do not get to spend time with friends and family. In addition, they are forced to drop extracurricular activities to meet the abundance of homework deadlines. So think about it, are all the homework assignments given to us actually beneficial towards students?

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