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The children acts
1989 and 2004

In 1989, the children act made it clear to all care workers
that they had to make effective decisions that will affect the needs of the
child. Most importantly the care workers will have to see to the needs of the
children. The local authorities will also be involved in making sure they
provide the correct services to make sure the children who are identified as
being at risk get their needs meet to a high standard of care. The local
authority will get a referral; once a referral has been made they will have to
deal with this issue quickly and effectively to make sure that they have taken
the right action to help the child. They will decided within one day whether or
not they should take action, if the concern is extremely serious they will have
to carry out an initial assessment within a week.

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A child can be classed as a child in need if they are
incapable to reach a standard of health development without the support from
appropriate services. If they are likely to be significantly impaired or
further impaired without the support from appropriate services or if they are
disabled; they also will be considered to be a child in need. 

The 2004 act is there to help improve the lives of all the
children who are receiving informal or professional care. It covers all
different types or services provided for children such as primary schools,
secondary schools, day care and children’s homes, as well as health care
services. The care services will need to work collaboratively so they can
provided the best support for the child.

There is a national safeguarding initiative for children
it’s called ‘every child matter’s’. When someone works with children between
the ages of 0-18, they have to make sure that safeguarding remains their key
priority.  You will now have to submit a
background check by the criminal records bureau if you want to work or
volunteer with children, young people, and vulnerable adults.

The children act 2004 is there to ensure that the right care
and support is provided for the children. The principles states that every
child should be healthy, to be safe
at all times no matter where they are, to ensure that all children enjoy their
life, allow all children to succeed by providing the right support to allow
them to do so, and have a strong positive impact of the children’s lives, and
lastly make sure to create stability for the Childs future.

Disability
discrimination act 1995 and 2005

The disability discrimination act came out in 1995 and was
amended in 2005, they are there to safeguard the rights of disabled people. The
act is there to prevent disabled people suffering with unfair treatment in
employment, those who suffer with the provision of goods and services, and for
disabled people who can’t access the same education or transport services. The
aim of the disability discrimination act is so disabled people can get the same
equal opportunities as non-disabled people; this means that traders, transport,
employers, and education providers help to make the reasonable adjustment
required by the disabled user so they can access the premises and services.

Employers and services need to adjust to make reasonable
changes for a disabled user especially if they have employed them, if they
don’t make the correct changes to suit the disabled user they would be at a big
disadvantage to the other non-disabled person. You can make reasonable changes
to building by adding a ramp to increase accessibility, you could also include
lifts, and automatic doors. If you really wanted to make the disabled user feel
welcomed in work place environment or in any type of services, you could
provide a disability awareness training for all the staff and yourself.

There are a number of impairments that can be a qualifying
disability; the qualifying disabilities are cancer, multiple sclerosis and HIV
infection. You can deem these qualifying disabilities from the point in time
that a person develops one, or from the time they notice they have one of the
listed impairments. There are also a few that will not qualify as a disability;
these are visual impairments that can be correct if they user wears eye glasses
or contact lenses, they might suffer with hay fever, have an addiction to
alcohol, nicotine or drugs. Drugs might be a qualify impairment only if they
have been properly prescribed medications.

The disability discrimination act legislation extended in
2005 so that the equality and human rights commission will help individuals to support
their rights. The act protects four main areas, employment, housing, transport,
and education. An employer cannot treat a person with a disability less
favourably compared to someone without a disability; they are both entitled to
the same things.

There are many influences of a recent or emerging national
policy development concerning anti-discriminatory practice. Lifts are
accessible for disabled people, usually for those in a wheel chair and for
people who are not able to climb any flights of stairs. Ramps are also
available for people to access the building or the service, such as a transport
service. Transport services like the bus can lower the front of the bus and
provide a ramp to make it easier for a disabled user to get on the bus, there
is also a location on the bus for disabled people, and this is located towards
the front of the bus. Every building has to have wide doors, so that there is room
for a wheelchair user to fit through the entrance. Libraries also have to make
sure that their aisles are wide enough for wheelchair users. There are also
disabled toilet facilities everywhere, so that everyone can have access to
toilets with the right space needed.

The data
protection act 1998

The data protection act 1998 is there to provided clear
guidelines about service user’s access to their personal information; this
allows the users to inquire about their records whenever they would like to see
their personal data. It also keeps track of how long it should take the staff
to prepare the records in order for the service user to view their document. Data
user will need to register their recordings of service users’ information to
the data protection registrar; data user such as the NHS trust and local
authority social service departments, need to do this.

Personal data can be collected from the service users’ when
the data is required; it should only be stored for specific registered
purposes. The service users can access any data that is stored by the care
organisation, however they might be able to deny the user from seeing their
stored data if they think it might cause any harm physical or mentally to the
individual asking to access their data. They also have the right not to show
the service user if it would reveal the identity of others who have not given permission
of their identity being revealed to the individual.

The data protection act also controls how organisation,
businesses and the government use your personal information; this helps to
ensure that your data stays safe and not used for the wrong purposes. Whenever
someone uses your data they are meant to being following strict rules under
data protection principles; the principles are put into place to make sure that
your data is only being used and stored for the right purposes and that the
data isn’t being given to anyone else. You can get strong legal protection
which is available for the more sensitive information that is stored for
organization or business they might be storing information such as; ethnic,
political opinions, religion, health, sexual health, and criminal records.

The legislation gives individuals the rights to access
information that is being held about them, and allows them to have their
opinion’s and wishes listened to and get considered when making a decision that
will affect them. The organisation has a duty that they need to care for the
individuals to provide the best protection to protect them from harm, this also
includes self-harm and self-neglect. When the individuals’ information is being
disclosed to a third party the individual needs to be informed immediately; the
organisation are also expected to follow their policies and procedures
effectively when reporting and reacting to confidential information about the
individual.

Legislation are laws that consider the rights of different
groups, organisations and individuals which parliament try to make to benefit
everyone. When based in a social care setting you will need to be aware of
adhering to legal guidance, so that it can protect against bad practice. It
also makes sure that they are all have clear understanding about their rights
and their responsibility within the care sector.

The policy for every health and social care setting states
that the care practitioner needs to consider and appreciate the diversity to
all the individuals receiving care and for those in the wider community.
Organisations also has a policy and procedure set in place to promote equal
opportunities to every patients.

Health and social care has been strictly regulated since
2000, and it has been an essential part for every setting to have a
professional code of practice. By having a code of practice, it allows the
practitioners to know their rights, and what responsibilities they have whilst
doing their job. Health care workers have an induction period; this helps them
to gain the correct training, helping them gain relevant qualifications that
will be useful to help them within their day-to-day work. It will also help
them to improve the way they deliver their support to service users to meet the
individuals needs and wants. Codes of practice and charters are also there to provide
extra guidance to care practitioners, and information to the service users;
this will help the service user know what standards to expect. The regulatory
bodies and care organisations developed the codes of practice and charters to
guide the professional conduct and standards of performance of care
practitioners. Codes of practice and code of conduct are guidelines and rules
that are requires to be meet and followed by employers and employees. Charters
are there as guidelines that inform the service users what they are entitled
to.

Health care support workers need be responsible for
answering any queries about any actions or omissions. They will also be
accountable for promoting and upholding the privacy, dignity, rights and
wellbeing of the service users all the time. When working in a healthcare
sector you will need to be able to work well with other colleagues to make sure
you are providing an excellent quality of service in which the needs of the
service users are being met to a high standard of care.  Health care support workers need to be able
to respect an individual’s rights to confidentiality, protecting and upholding
their privacy. You are required to keep improving your personal and
professional development to ensure you are providing the best care to service
users. Lastly health care support workers will need to promote equality
throughout their day-to-day work to all service users, colleagues, and members
of the public.

As a health care support worker in Wales you need to be
responsible for making sure you can provided an answer that will support your
actions or omissions to the service users, employer, supervisor and the member
of the public if you are asked to explain yourself. If you are ever in doubt in
a situation, you should always ask you supervisor for support or if you do not
feel that you can carry out a task then you need to ask for help instead of
struggling yourself. You need to behave respectively in a professional manner,
which nobody will question whether you are suitable to work in the sector of
health care. You need to make sure to keep professional boundaries between your
relationship with the service users, their careers and colleagues at all times.
If anyone from your care or anyone close to them offers loans, gifts, benefits
or hospitality you should refuse this because it might compromise your
positions.  When you witness anything
that might compromise the safety of care to the service users, you must report
this immediately, to make sure everyone stays safe within your care. Lastly,
you need to be able to comply with your employer’s policies and procedures.

They have a duty to promote and
uphold the privacy, dignity, rights and well-being to theirs service users and
their families. Healthcare support workers in Wales need to promote independence
to service users so they are able to make sensible choices about their care. Before
starting any treatment or care, the service user has the right to say if they
want the treatment or not. If you see any dangers happening within the service,
you should report immediately or if patients are at any risk. Complaints need
to be handled effectively and taken very seriously; they must be dealt by
following the organizations policy, or by informing a higher member or staff.

You need to be able to collaborate effectively with your
colleagues in order to ensure a high standard of care to all service users and
their family members. You will have to value and understand the importance of
team play, be able to recognize and respect other colleagues in the other
departments in healthcare, to make sure you all work together in order to
provide the best service you possibly can. As a healthcare support worker in
Wales, you will need to be able to make commitments to work priorities,
agreements, arrangements, and you most certainly need to be reliable and
dependable for the service user, as the need a stable environment who will be
able to meet their needs whenever required.

Lastly, healthcare support workers in wales are expected to
encourage equality to all service users, colleagues, and to the member of the public;
so that they will all be treated fairly. Healthcare support workers need to
respect the individuality and diversity that they will come across from
different service users, careers and colleagues; therefore, they cannot discriminate
or accept any discrimination against them. Healthcare support workers are
expected to be able to promote equal opportunities for service users and
careers, and if there are any concerns, they will be expected to report the
issue.

Anti-discriminatory practice is an important approach that
needs to be controlled when working in any health and social care settings,
especially now that we live in a diverse society. We need to promote
anti-discriminatory practice in health and social settings and challenge any
unfair discrimination. Sometimes people can be triggered if they know they are
having unequal access to society’s resources, therefore care practitioners
would have to try to resolve this issue not to make the individuals behaviour
get out of control. You can promote equal opportunities through
anti-discriminatory practice.

The best ways to deal with unfair discrimination is to make
sure that you do not judge people; therefore, everyone will be respecting an
equal individual. You should also be willing to changing your opinions on
people, because you cannot judge them from a bad experience, every experience
is a new experience.

Sometimes there are difficulties of implementing
anti-discriminatory practice. The care practitioners need to be able to address
their own prejudices and to stop any unfair discrimination. When challenging incidents
of unfair discrimination or even speaking out when people express prejudices
can require a lot of courage and sometime require a lot of personal confidence.
This is what makes it difficult to implement, particularly in settings where
some basic equality haven’t been dealt with properly, and when there is weak
complaint policies and weak whistle-blowing policies.

Most care practitioners say that they provide fair and equal
treatment to all service users, not discriminate against certain individuals or
groups. However, some strategies do not always support the equality of
opportunity to all service users in the way they are intended to. It is a good
way for practitioners to understand and accept that people are different and value
them equally, by accepting them as an individual.

Some care practitioners do not impose their own beliefs and
value systems on service users or work colleagues, no matter if they believe in
equality or not. Care practitioners should not remain silent if unfair
discrimination occurs or when prejudice is expressed. If the care practitioners
fails to act upon what they have witnessed, they would be seen as if they are
supporting the unfair discrimination to an individual or groups of people. All health
and social care can easily help to encourage equality to all the service users
by developing their own knowledge and sense of awareness on prejudice and
unfair discrimination.

 Achieving and changing through
anti-discriminating practise, aims to challenge any social inequalities, unfair
discrimination, and prejudice.  Anti-discriminatory
practice should help to show the importance and to promote the acceptance of
multiculturalis. It will also help to challenge any forms of prejudice that
might affect service users; this can include racism, ageism, sexism,
hopmophobia and diabolism.  They should
also be able to identify and work to rectify any types of stereotyping and any
unfair discrimination that deny people equality of opportunities and to infringe
their rights. Anti-discriminatory car can be achieved by developing personal
awareness of how you and other people’s prejudices views reveal about
themselves. To develop a greater self-awareness and tolerance of differences
between people. Need to be willing to commit to the care value base. You will
also need to be able to adapy in a non-discriminatory approach to language
used, you wont be able to use any sexist, racist word or phrases. You will also
have to work within the legal, ethical and policy guidline set by legislation,
professional bodies and employers. 

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