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The theatre is a type of art, which was born from communication with the
gods, rituals for various cults and to entertain people in their free time.
Theatre was also the place where people got a political and social education,
it was also used as a place of civic and philosophical debates and had
functioned as a spiritual purification. They have been designed as temples of
art and they were seeking to remove their audience from everyday concerns and
to send them in some virtual reality but the function of the theatre since the
early beginnings is to entertain people. Theatre brings stories and performances
to amuse  the public and with stories it
brings pleasure. This makes it an important part of life for some people and
for theatre to complete its purpose, it needs space. Theatres have been located
everywhere, from the most elegant residential areas to working-class neighborhoods
so it is available for everyone.  Normally
nowadays we imagine theatre as a building that has a architectural space
designed for performances , but in medieval times there are examples where
theatres existed as an important part of urban life and they didn’t have any
specific architectural elements devoted for its use. In 1597 Cuthbert Burbage
had inherited a theatre in London which was the first of its type but it was
just called The Theatre. Using this building as a base and adding some
materials in the theater it became the most impressive theatre which was built
in 1597-1598. This theatre is also called as The Shakespeare globe theatre,
because it was a place where Shakespeare staged most of his greatest plays.
Plays in the globe theatre usually started at three o’clock. There were three
types of flags which were hang on the flag mast and used to indicate what type
of play was to be played. Red was for history , white for comedy and the black
flag would indicate that tragedy it was a day for tragedy usually that play
would include death scenes. The first Folio was published in 1623 and was a
collection of 36 plays by Shakespeare. None of his plays were published when he
was alive but written plays by Shakespeare were performed at the globe theatre.
A tourist called Thomas Platter said in his diary that he had witnessed an
amazing performance on Julius Cesar, which was performed by 15 actors. Also many
notable plays were performed during 1600-1613 starting with hamlet and ending
with Henry VIII. Also a lost play of Shakespeare called Cardenio should have
been played in 1612. This period was very harsh for people in Britain and death
was a part of everyday life . People were searching for relief from this reality
and found it in the theatre and Elizabeth  was one of those people. She attended many
plays and other forms of entertainment so theatre became a vital part of Elizabethan
culture. The audience wanted more and more plays and shakespear started to
write more smooth and entertaining plays that time. The plays were unlike today,
because there were no backdrops, acoustics were bad and actors had to shout
their lines so everyone could hear them. Because of this viewer’s and their
imagination were more involved in plays and spectators where other interesting
aspect. The theatre could find room for 3 thousand people so It was open for
everyone. People of all status came in this theatre, but mostly it were poor
people. They paid 1 Penny and could stand in the yard, but wealthier people
payed 2-3 pennys for seats. There were also 3 circular galleries and they were
the most comfortable and showed the status of a person and the price was about
5-6 pennys. Because it was almost always full with people it caused some
problems, for example people didn’t bath in Elizabethan times and diseases could
be spread easily in this circumstances so tuberculosis and other diseases have
killed a big amount of people.
The classic Greek and
Roman architecture was admired by Elizabeth and you could really see the
influence in the great columns framed in the entrances of the Elizabethan
houses. The Globe Theatre was framed with massive upright, vertical timbers,
which they were supported by diagonal timbers. The wattle walls were daubed
with mortar and whitewash was then applied. This process resulted in very
typical style of black and white half of the Elizabethan era. With wood
architecture two great columns were included in the architecture of the
Elizabethan theatres which were called ‘Herculean’ columns or pillars. These
columns were painted to resemble marble. Built to the engineering standards of
1599, the structure of the famous globe theatre was like a large circular
amphitheatre, three stories high. The circular structure was covered by a small
hatched roof and it gave the globe theatre an appearance of an ancient Greek
auditorium where the centre was uncovered. The main stage that was located in
the center of the theatre, pushed up next to the interior side, was extended by
5 feet high. At the back of this were the changing rooms for all the actors and
for them to get back into the stage, they would come out from the two side
doors at the stage level. Above this stage was a balcony, flanked by two
further balconies serving as playhouse boxes. On the third level there was a
small structure supported by columns, were all the announcements were made and
the playhouse’s flag would often fly, advertising plays there were currently
being performed. Again like Greek auditorium three rows of seating that formed
circular bands by wrapping around the interior spaces of the playhouse. These
galleries cost more, but they offered a better comfort of seating. Those that
were out in the open courtyard had to stand in the rain or shine through what
could be a three hour performance, All seats were of approximately equal
importance, they have been cited as a model of democratic seating and the stage
was provided with multiple perspectives to make each of the spectators feel as
important as a prince.

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