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There are
many powerful institutions in Global Governance. In this point, we will look at
one of the most powerful institutions in term of environment in Global
Governance. To give an illustration, The United Nations Environment Program
(UNEP) can be best used to prove it.  UNEP, which has headquartered in
Nairobi of Kenya, is one of the most powerful institution in global governance.
 It is the leading global environmental authority that work closely on
global environment issue and development as well as focusing on preventing the
current and the future global environment issue in global, regional, and
national level, especially in developing world.  The UNEP is the one who
care the most about the mother nature. It is aimed to provide leadership and
encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing,
and enabling nations and people to improve their quality of life without
compromising that of future generations, according to UNEP official webpage.
The UNEP acts as the powerful institution as it can influence the decision
making of state and it guides state to act in certain way in order to save the
environment as well as people who faced difficulty with environmental issues. Since
environment has emerged as a major theme in the international arena, the UNEP
has played a key role in environmental issues. The concern of environmental is
a new major theme in the international arena. Hence, cooperation among every
actor is needed. In this case, the UNEP has obviously become the key actor in
establishing international environmental law to seek for environmental
stability. So far, nearly thirty binding multilateral instruments has
negotiated and obtained adoption by the UNEP. Those instruments include the
landmark 1987 Montreal Protocol that deplete the Ozone layer and ten sets of
non-binding environmental law guidelines and principles.  Moreover, it
also served as a secretariat to a number of environmental conventions by
providing technical assistance to developing countries and publish a set of
references texts for international environmental law scholar and practitioners.
There are notable achievements of UNEP. First, the UNEP has achieved some
successes regarding the 1987 Montreal Protocol. The UNEP has influenced 196
states and the EU to take part in its mandate. The 1987 Montreal Protocol is
the only universal agreement, which signed by 196 states and the EU. The protocol
is the landmark successful agreement ever. It required its signatories to phase
out the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which were the key driver of ozone
depletion. As a result, since the disappearance of CFCs in any kind of
products, we can see that ninety-eight per cent of all ozone-depleting
substances have been phased out. In addition to this, the protocol obviously
has climate change implications despite its focus on ozone. What make the
agreement become a virtual success is the agreement not only binds countries,
it contains financial provisions to assist in phase-outs (Low, 2016). Another
notable achievement is the sponsorship they provided in Indian Solar Loan
Program. Solar Loan Program, sponsored by the UNEP, has changed the lives of many
Indian people. The program is attempted to change the perception that clean or
renewable energy is something seen as unaffordable and out-of-reach in
practical term. The project brings solar power into the rural mainstream in
India through micro-financing. The project has already shown some incredible
successes. It has reached approximately 100,000 people in the state of
Karnataka. It has saved money in the long-term and transforming the quality of
life for many people in the state. In addition to this, there is another
notable success of UNEP in this case.  The UNEP spent $1.5 million Solar
Home Project by distributing solar photovoltaic (PV) kits. The UNEP has engaged
bank to light up rural Indian. It has team up with two large Indian Bank to
overcome the lack of financing for clean energy in rural communities. The
project has proposed the idea of empowering impoverished communities and using
renewable energy into the mainstream (Mok, 2007). The Indian solar market has
transformed from a small, cash-only business in 2003, to a growing market with
more than 50% of sales, which was financed by more than 20 banks through their
networks of more than 2000 branches. Moreover, the UNEP has used the success of
the Indian Solar Loan Program to expand such finance programs into Morocco,
Tunisia and soon Algeria, Indonesia, Mexico and Chile (Fries, 2008).

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