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This research paper discusses all information needed to be known if you are planning on studying for the chosen career of an orthodontic. The main role of an orthodontic is to diagnose people with teeth that have gaps or teeth that are crowded. As an orthodontic, you have to look towards the temporomandibular joint till the mandible area of your face to detect if you have an overbite or underbite also known as a “bad bite”. “Bad bite is usually due to genetics but bad habits like thumb sucking can also result in this(Arlene,1989).” These dysfunctionalities are termed with malocclusion and once a malocclusion is determined by a dentist they will be sent to an orthodontist for further evaluation. According to Ferguson (2006) in the section Orthodontists, “The American Association of Orthodontists recommends that children first be evaluated by an orthodontist by age seven…Parents often bring their children to an orthodontist at the suggestion of their child’s general dentist, who may suspect a dental or facial development that should be evaluated and monitored.” Around that age jaw malformation and crowded and gapped teeth begin to form which can cause speech problems and cause decay.As an orthodontic, you have five main beginning steps done for any patient that lays out all your work done in this career. First, take a complete medical and dental check to figure out if they have insurance to cover at least a portion of the cost and what is influencing the teeth to shift and move in this matter. Second, your mouth is examined for an oral disease like gingivitis while noting the size and shape of teeth and the relationship between teeth the gums and jaw. Along with the analysis of the patient’s teeth is the “patient’s facial profile which is assessed for uniformity, symmetry, and proportion (Ferguson, 2006).” Next, the orthodontist takes a photo of the patient and takes x-rays of the patient’s teeth which is put in the patient’s record. Fourth, in order to make a diagnosis, they have to make molds( 3D models) which shows a detailed version of the patient’s bite and accurate measurements. Lastly, after a problem is noticed the orthodontist will make a treatment plan which includes the diagnosis of the patient’s teeth and an estimate of the price of the whole treatment and time span of treatment.An orthodontic is nothing without their equipment and instruments. Typically at the beginning of an orthodontic appointment, the orthodontic assistant sets up a tray set up depending on the reason for the visit. In general, a mirror, straight probe, cotton pliers, Howe utility pliers, wire cutter, distal end cutter and Mathieu plier and bracket holder, band pusher and cheek retractor are always at hand. According to University of Toronto Faculty of Dentistry(2015), there are “three types of tray setups are elastic separating set up and band seating and bonding brackets which are all for adjustment after the braces are put.”  One of the most important equipment in an orthodontist is radiograph(x-ray) because an orthodontic can’t come to a diagnosis without measuring and evaluating the x-ray. For placement of elastic separators an orthodontic needs a mirror, probe, cotton pliers, separating pliers, floss, elastic separators and an air-water syringe. Furthermore, the instruments for band seating include a mirror, probe, cotton pliers, air-water syringe tip, a saliva ejector, appropriately sized bands, band pusher, bite stick, band remover, mixing spatula, glass ionomer mixing cement, slow speed handpiece, pumice and cotton rolls. Lastly, in a bonding brackets procedure a mirror, probe, cotton pliers, an air-water syringe tip, saliva ejector, high volume suction, slow speed handpiece, price, bracket holder, brackets, a howe plier, distal end cutter, ligature cutter, cheek retractor, cotton rolls, etch and bond and composite material. In a manner corresponding to Ferguson (2006) in the section Orthodontists “Fixed appliance is a device used by orthodontists that are bonded or banded to a tooth or teeth and the orthodontic appliance is a device that influences the growth or position of teeth or position of bones.”The role of an orthodontist gives you the opportunity to possibly change a person’s life by just giving them their ideal teeth to smile and be confident. Yet, this career isn’t always a walk in the park, typically “orthodontists are open 30-40 hours a week (Rourke, 1989).” An orthodontist’s working conditions consist of an indoor environment where all assistants and orthodontics typically wear gloves, masks to protect from disease spreading. As an orthodontic they have to have social skills since lots of communication are involved in the orthodontic and patient. Unlike most medical careers there are no late nights for an orthodontists office. But, many orthodontists suffer from back injuries since they lean over patients all day and there’s little room for error while checking a patient. Even with all these conditions, there are always methods for stress in this amazing career. First, exercising at least twice in a week is helpful to get your mind off of stress but since orthodontists often have back issues this serves as a huge plus. Second, taking courses and classes provide the latest techniques and they help you manage your business. Lastly, having confidence and learning from any failure you stumble upon because being an orthodontist means you have to learn to balance many things and you obviously don’t get any patients if you’re not even confident in yourself.To be a successful orthodontist you should four specific personal qualities and skills in order to be successful in this career. As an orthodontist, you are working in a small area(mouth) with little room for error which means you should have dexterity, especially for detailed work. As stated in Ferguson (2006) “Being an orthodontist is physically challenging. Manual dexterity and strength are necessary assets. Fingers, hands, wrists and arms are in controlled motion within a small space throughout the day.” As well as, having excellent eye-hand coordination and being able to perceive in three dimensions. “Keen vision and perception in three dimensions are needed to locate tiny openings and parts of only a few millimeters in size (Ferguson, 2006).” Ultimately, having an artistic eye and being able to judge symmetry is very important because “if you aren’t able to judge symmetry then it will be increasingly hard to determine malocclusions which are lower, closed and upper bites (Lee, 1998).” Nevertheless, there are four main professional attributes that benefit all healthcare workers. First, being self- motivated while controlling your temperament because not one patient will want to go to your health care facility if you aren’t even confident in yourself.  Second, “having business skills helps keep your facility running efficiently for maximized profitability while providing the highest quality results(Ferguson, 2006).” In any business, you should have communication and excellent people skills because in a busy environment you don’t have the whole day to make a point so you must talk quick but get the point across. Lastly, being organized and prepared to work the whole day and see as many patients as possible through the day.After all this amazing information about orthodontists would you like to know about the educational requirements? To start off you need a high school degree mainly for courses loaded with math and science subjects so that you at least have college preparation. You also need postsecondary training which is “before being admitted to the dental school you must complete three to four years of the undergraduate college education… While a bachelor’s degree is not strictly required, it is a standard that significantly strengthens an applicant’s chances of being admitted to a dental school (Ferguson, 2006).” On top of all that you need a minimum of two years in an orthodontic program. You must score well on the Dental Admissions test before being accepted into any dental school. Some advancement opportunities are typically in dental school because they provide courses for clinical work and laboratory classes and accredited postgraduate courses for two to three years. To advance while being an orthodontist is “continuing education courses every year.Although some courses are required for him to maintain his dental license, he also takes other courses because he is interested in providing the latest techniques (Ferguson, 2006).” To sum up, business skill courses help you advance in building an efficient orthodontic office.According to the American Association of Orthodontists 5 million people in the United States and Canada are currently using braces. Based on this the outlook says that the “employment for orthodontists should remain steady (Ferguson, 2006).”  According to Bureau of Labor Statistics (2016) “employment is at 5,200  but the employment rise is 8.6% and the mean hourly wage is $109.99 and the mean annual wage is $228,780 and the wage rise should be 3.5%.” As stated in Bureau of Labor Statistics (2016) “California and Florida and Texas and Massachusetts and Maryland have the highest employment level.” “Maryland, Idaho, Massachusetts and Kentucky and Mississippi have the highest concentration of jobs and Nebraska and Mississippi and Georgia, Connecticut and Alabama are the top paying states for orthodontists (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2016).” In conclusion, an orthodontic diagnoses people with teeth that have gaps or teeth that are crowded and look towards the temporomandibular joint till the mandible area of your face to detect if you have an overbite or underbite also known as a “bad bite”. An orthodontic use many types of equipment including an x-ray to see the tissues that can’t be seen by the eye and by that they determine the above things and come to a treatments plan. A successful orthodontic has the dexterity to detail work and maintains people skills and much more. After studying and going through a bachelor’s degree and four- year doctor of dentistry degree and a minimum of two years orthodontic program. As a result, an orthodontic gets a salary of around $87,963 to $107,070 or even $130,000. To sum up, the career of an orthodontic comes with lots of studying but has an astonishing ramification.

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